Guest post by Alison Cullingford, author of The Special Collections Handbook.
Why work in Special Collections?
Special Collections work is fantastically rewarding: one never knows what will happen when the phone rings or a new email comes in. It is a joy to bring hidden collections to life, to see how they inform and inspire users.
Special Collections is a sector which is booming and full of confidence and innovation. Many universities and other organisations are realising that in tough times their collections are unique and distinctive assets, and investing in premises, and, crucially, staff.
A note of caution
As with most heritage and arts careers, Special Collections work is popular and therefore competition for jobs can be significant. The widest range of opportunities is probably in London or ‘Oxbridge’, though do not despair: there are jobs in national libraries, research libraries and universities, cathedrals etc all over the UK. Permanent roles are scarce so project work is often the way to get into the sector.
Here are some tips to help you build a career in Special Collections despite the challenges.
Focus on skills
Special Collections staff need many skills, including:
- ‘Traditional skills’. These are distinctive to Special Collections, or shared with specialist academics and colleagues. Traditional skills include:
- Historical bibliography: how items in collections were made.
- Preservation: how to look after collections.
- Cataloguing: how to describe collections so people can discover them.
- Languages: Latin is particularly useful, though not always essential.
- Palaeography: how to read handwriting.
- Subject and collection knowledge.
- Soft skills. You will need to be able to communicate effectively orally and in writing, to work well in a team but to manage your own time, including conflicting priorities, and to be able to help users of all kinds and levels of experience.
- Future skills. The Special Collections librarian of the future will need to be equipped for a tough and fast-changing world. Consider:
- Digital literacy – encompasses a huge range of skills and will continue to develop.
- Advocacy and evidence-based practice. Understanding statistics is essential!
- Knowledge of legal and contractual issues.
But please don’t be too put off by these huge lists. Skills are built up gradually and not all jobs require everything all at once. There are many ways to improve your skills, even if you are unable to attend conferences or training events. Consider apps (very useful for languages), online learning resources, webinars, reading printed books, not to mention the resources which appear below under ‘Connections’.
Seek and seize opportunities
- Your job title may not involve Special Collections, but maybe you can find a way to work with collections in the organisation. If you are working in a library, there are probably distinctive collections somewhere on the premises. Consider talking to colleagues and managers about your interests so they can help you find opportunities. Some element of voluntary work could be helpful and would show evidence of commitment to the sector as well as boosting your skills.
- Conference bursaries. Most significant library conferences offer these, in exchange for helping out and/or writing a report about your experience.
It is easier than ever to connect with Special Collections communities:
- Social media platforms: full of librarians, archivists, scholars and enthusiasts sharing collections objects and discussing the joys and challenges of their work. Watch out for ‘chats’ and other themed events. I recommend #uklibchat, #archivehour, and, coming up later in November, #explorearchives. You can also join in with conferences via their hashtags, such as the recent #rbscg17 and forthcoming #dcdc17.
- Mailing lists reach all professionals including those who aren’t active on social media. Lis-rarebooks is a low-traffic list populated by helpful rare book people.
- In recent years more and more librarians and heritage professionals have set up their own events and groups. Watch out for such activities as teachmeets, show and tell, and unconferences. These often take place out of working hours so folk in less relevant jobs can still attend. See for example Heritage Show and Tell.
Think like an employer
Most Special Collections jobs are in public sector organisations, which recruit and select via automated and standardised processes which aim to be fair to all applicants. You need to engage with these systems but make sure you stand out.
Above all, if you are asked for an example during the application process or an interview, give a strong, real one that illustrates your skills. Employers are looking for specific examples not vague generalisations. Do draw on whatever work experience you have, for example dealing with difficult customers or teamwork can be demonstrated well by experiences from shop or bar work.
Persist, but be flexible
It took me eight years from qualifying as a librarian to becoming a full-time Special Collections person, so I do understand that it is not easy. It is worth reflecting on what attracts you about Special Collections work, and being open to other opportunities that may give you similar job satisfaction. Many roles in heritage, education and the arts offer similar rewards.
Best of luck!
Alison Cullingford is the author of the Special Collections Handbook, now in its second edition. She is Special Collections Librarian at the University of Bradford and loves writing, blogging and tweeting about the challenges and rewards of working with heritage. Her website is https://specialcollectionshandbook.com/ and she tweets as @speccollbrad.
About this blog post
This post was inspired by talks and discussions at CILIP Rare Books Group New Professionals Days, held in 2015 and 2017. Thanks to all who were involved, and follow the story of the days via the #RBNewProfs hashtag.
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Michele Cloonan, Dean Emirata and Professor at the Graduate School of Library & Information Science, Simmons College and editor of Preserving our Heritage : Perspective from antiquity to the digital age, writes about the destruction of cultural heritage in a new blog for CILIP. An extract is below:
While most of us don’t equate preservation with human rights, the relationship has been touched on at least as early as the nineteenth century —although the destruction of cultural heritage has taken place for as long as there has been heritage. In the nineteenth century the concept of human rights was considered in the context of war. Swiss businessman and reformer Henri Dunant was an organiser of the First Geneva Conference for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded Armies in the Field (1863-64) and a founder of the Red Cross (see his Memory of Solferino [Geneva, Switzerland: International Committee of the Red Cross, 1986]).
At just about the same time as these activities were taking place in Europe, Francis Lieber, a German jurist who settled in the United States, prepared for the Union Army General Orders No. 100: Instructions for the Government of the Armies of the United States in the Field, better known as the Lieber Code; it established rules for the humane treatment of civilians in areas of conflict and forbade the execution of prisoners of war. Further it sought the protection of works of art, scientific collections, and hospitals in war-torn areas. These ideas were further developed in the Hague Peace Conferences that were held from 1899-1907 and in the later Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (1954 and the 1999 Second Protocol). Excerpts of these codes, conventions, and protocols are included in chapter 9 of my books Preserving Our Heritage: Perspectives from antiquity to the digital age (London: Facet, 2015).